Mutiara Hadits : Rukun Islam

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Mutiara Hadits : Rukun Islam

Hadits Arba’in ke- 3

الحـديث الثالث

عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ عَبْدِ اللهِ بْنِ عُمَرَ بْنِ الْخَطَّابِ رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهُمَا قَالَ : سَمِعْتُ رَسُوْلَ اللهِ صلى الله وسلم يَقُوْلُ : بُنِيَ اْلإِسْلاَمُ عَلَى خَمْسٍ : شَهَادَةُ أَنْ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللهُ وَأَنَّ مُحَمَّداً رَسُوْلُ اللهِ وَإِقَامُ الصَّلاَةِ وَإِيْتَاءُ الزَّكَاةِ وَحَجُّ الْبَيْتِ وَصَوْمُ رَمَضَانَ. رواه الترمذي ومسلم

Kosa kata / مفردات :
سمعتُ : (saya) mendengar بُنِيَ (بَنَى) : Dibangun

Terjemah hadits / ترجمة الحديث :
Dari Abu Abdurrahman, Abdullah bin Umar bin Alh- Khottob radiallahuanhuma dia berkata : Saya mendengar Rasulullah SAW bersabda : Islam dibangun diatas lima perkara; Bersaksi bahwa tiada Ilah yang berhak disembah selain Allah dan bahwa nabi Muhammad utusan Allah, menegakkan shalat, menunaikan zakat, melaksanakan haji dan puasa Ramadhan. (Riwayat Turmuzi dan Muslim)

Pelajaran yang terdapat dalam hadits / الفوائد من الحديث :
1. Rasulullah SAW menyamakan Islam dengan bangunan yang kokoh dan tegak diatas tiang-tiang yang mantap.
2. Pernyataan tentang keesaan Allah dan keberadaannya, membenarkan kenabian Muhammad , merupakan hal yang paling mendasar dibanding rukun-rukun yang lainnya.
3. Selalu menegakkan shalat dan menunaikannya secara sempurna dengan syarat rukunnya, adab-adabnya dan sunnah-sunnahnya agar dapat memberikan buahnya dalam diri seorang muslim yaitu meninggalkan perbuatan keji dan munkar karena shalat mencegah seseorang dari perbuatan keji dan munkar.
4. Wajib mengeluarkan zakat dari harta orang kaya yang syarat-syarat wajibnya zakat sudah ada pada mereka lalu memberikannya kepada orang-orang fakir dan yang membutuhkan.
5. Wajibnya menunaikan ibadah haji dan puasa (Ramadhan) bagi setiap muslim.
6. Adanya keterkaitan rukun Islam satu sama lain. Siapa yang mengingkarinya maka dia bukan seorang muslim berdasarkan ijma’.
7. Nash diatas menunjukkan bahwa rukun Islam ada lima, dan masih banyak lagi perkara lain yang penting dalam Islam yang tidak ditunjukkan dalam hadits. Rasulullah SAW bersabda:
الإِيْمَانُ بِضْعٌ وَسَبْعُوْنَ شُعْبَةً
“ Iman itu terdapat tujuh puluh lebih cabang “
8. Islam adalah aqidah dan amal perbuatan. Tidak bermanfaat amal tanpa iman demikian juga tidak bermanfaat iman tanpa amal .

Tema-tema hadits / موضوعات الحديث :

1. Wala’ dan Bara’ dalam syahadatain : 2 : 256, 16 : 36
2. Shalat : 2 : 3, 19 : 31, 20 : 132,
3. Zakat : 9 : 71, 19 : 55, 73 : 20
4. Haji : 3 : 97, 2 : 196, 22 : 27
5. Puasa : 2 : 183, 2 : 185.


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