Human Rights in Islam : A Word on Public Rights and Duties

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Islam instructs a believer to share the concerns and the trials of his Muslim brethren all over the world and assist them according to his ability. The Messenger of God (pbuh) said:

“A Believer to another believer is like the bricks of one building: each one strengthens the other.” Upon saying this, the Messenger of God (pbuh) intertwined hisfingers. (Bukhari, Hadith no. 5680 and Muslim, Hadith no. 2585)

Islam teaches a Muslim to respect the reputation of a fellow Muslim and to avoid undue suspicion.

Islam teaches a Muslim to respect the reputation of a fellow Muslim and avoid undue suspicion. The Messenger of God (pbuh) said:

“Avoid suspicion. Suspicion is the worst lie. Do not follow the bad news, shortcomings and deficiencies of your Muslim brethren. Do not spy upon your Muslim brethren. Do not compete [with evil minds and intentions] against your Muslim brethren. Do not hate your Muslim brethren. Do not turn away from your Muslim brethren [when they are in need of your help and assistance]. O servants of God! Be brethren to one another, as He commanded you to be. A Muslim is a brother to another Muslim. A Muslim must be just to his Muslim brother. A Muslim must not let his brother down and forsake him. A Muslim must not expose his Muslim brother (*unless his crime impacts upon others). Everything that a Muslim possesses is unlawful for other Muslims to use [without prior approval of the owner] or abuse [for no due right]. Piety [and righteousness] is here, pointing out to his chest [i.e. the heart]. Piety is here. It is a sufficient evil for a Muslim to expose the private sins of his Muslim brother. Everything that a Muslim owns or possesses is unlawful for another Muslim [to tamper with]; his life, his protected items [in terms of dignity, honor and family members], and his wealth or possessions. Truly, God does not look at your exterior, but rather He is concerned with your hearts and actions.” (Muslim, Hadith no. 2563)

Islam instructs a believer to share the concerns and the trials of his Muslim brethren all over the world and assist them according to his ability.

Another guideline for this is contained in the words of God’s Messenger (pbuh):

“A Muslim will not become a true believer until he likes for his Muslim brother what he likes for himself.” (Bukhari, Hadith no. 13)

Reference : Dr. Abdul-Rahman Al-Sheha, Human Rights in Islam, Usool International Centre, Riyadh, ISBN: 978-603-90936-9-5

  1. Rights of a Ruler
  2. Rights of the People towards the Government
  3. Rights of Neighbors
  4. Rights of Friends
  5. Rights of the Poor
  6. Rights of Employees/Laborers
  7. Rights of Employers
  8. Rights of other Creatures
  9. Other Rights

Reference : Dr. Abdul-Rahman Al-Sheha, Human Rights in Islam, Usool International Centre, Riyadh, ISBN: 978-603-90936-9-5

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