Politik Islam : Kajian Siyasah Dusturiyah

Kajian Siyasah Dusturiyah
Politik Islam

Siyasah dusturiyah ialah perundang-undang dan peraturan yang mengatur prinsip-prinsip masyarakat dalam sebuah negara, maka yang menjadi objek konsentrasi kajiannya adalah sebagai berikut.

Kepemimpinan (Imamah)

Secara etimologi imamah berarti (memimpin, pemimpin, dan kepemimpinan). Secara terminologi imamah sebagaimana dikemukakan oleh al-Mawardi. “Imamah ialah suatu kedudukan atau jabatan yang diadakan untuk mengganti tugas kenabian dalam memelihara agama dan mengendalikan dunia”

Imamah ialah kepemimpinan yang dipimpin oleh seorang imam atau pemimpin yang berorientasi menjaga dan memberikan kemaslahatan bagi masyarakat atau rakyatnya dunia maupun akhirat. Hal inilah yang membedakan kepemimpinan dalam sistem Islam dengan sistem kepemimpinan di luar Islam.

Dasar Hukum

Yang menjadi dasar hukum dari kepemimpinan ialah firman Allah, “Kami jadikan di antara mereka itu pemimpin-pemimpin yang memberi petunjuk dengan perintah kami ketika mereka sabar dan adalah mereka meyakini ayat-ayat kami.” (QS As Sajdah : 24)

Ayat ini menerangkan adanya kemestian mengangkat pemimpin. Lebih lanjut ayat tersebut menerangkan kriteria pemimpin dalam Islam. Imam atau pemimpin adalah orang tertinggi dan yang memegang kekuasaan dalam sebuah kepemimpinan, orang yang diikuti dan mempunyai orientasi kepada kebaikan. Oleh karena itu, hanya orang yang selalu mengarahkan segala sesuatu kepada kebaikan yang pantas jadi pemimpin.

Hak-hak Imam

Pemimpin atau imam adalah pemegang dan yang menjalankan kekuasaan tertinggi, semuanya erat kaitannya dengan kepentingan rakyat. Oleh sebab itu, seorang pemimpin atau imam mempunyai hak-hak yang harus diterimanya. Adapun hak-hak seorang pemimpin atau Imam ialah:

1. Wajib ditaati. Menaati pemimpin merupakan kewajiban yang mesti dilaksanakan oleh rakyatnya selama pemimpin tersebut menyuruh kepada hal-hal yang baik.

2. Wajib dibantu dalam segala sesuatu yang berkaitan dengan penyelenggaraan negara dan hal-hal yang menyangkut kepentingan umum.

3. Wajib mendapatkan gaji dari kas negara sebagai konsekuensi atas kinerjanya dalam mengurus pemerintahan.

Kewajiban-kewajiban Imam

Selain hak yang mesti didapatkan seorang imam atau pemimpin, terdapat kewajiban-kewajiban yang mesti ditunaikan. Adapun kewajiban-kewajiban tersebut adalah sebagai berikut.

1. Memelihara dan menegakkan kemuliaan agama. Hal ini sebagai tugas pokok yang mesti diemban mengingat agama merupakan muara bagi segala permasalahan. Menegakkan hukum-hukum Allah dan memelihara hak-hak rakyat agar tidak terjadi kerusakan dan kebinasaan.

2. Menegakkan supremasi hukum dan keadilan bagi seluruh rakyat dengan tidak memandang golongan, suku, dan status sosial.

3. Memelihara keamanan bagi seluruh rakyat demi terciptanya ketentraman dan kedamaian. Dengan demikian rakyat dapat tenang mencari penghidupan dan dapat menentukan nasibnya sendiri.

4. Menjaga kedaulatan negara dari serangan dan rongrongan musuh, baik dalam maupun luar negeri.

5. Memerangi orang yang menentang dan memerangi Islam.

6. Memungut pajak dan sedekah-sedekah sesuai dengan ketentuan syariat.

7. Mensejahterakan rakyat dengan memberikan bantuan yang adil dari kas negara (bait al-mal) kepada yang berhak menerimanya.

8. Mengangkat orang-orang yang mampu dan terpercaya sebagai pembantu dalam tugas-tugas pemerintahan. #darulilmi

Baca juga : 

51 thoughts on “Politik Islam : Kajian Siyasah Dusturiyah

  1. The very heart of your writing while sounding reasonable initially, did not settle properly with me personally after some time. Someplace within the sentences you were able to make me a believer unfortunately only for a while. I nevertheless have got a problem with your jumps in logic and you might do well to help fill in those breaks. In the event you actually can accomplish that, I would definitely be impressed.

  2. I like what you guys are up also. Such smart work and reporting! Keep up the excellent works guys I?¦ve incorporated you guys to my blogroll. I think it will improve the value of my site 🙂

  3. Hi there would you mind stating which blog platform you’re using? I’m going to start my own blog soon but I’m having a hard time choosing between BlogEngine/Wordpress/B2evolution and Drupal. The reason I ask is because your layout seems different then most blogs and I’m looking for something completely unique. P.S Apologies for getting off-topic but I had to ask!

  4. Thanks a lot for sharing this with all of us you actually know what you are talking about! Bookmarked. Please also visit my web site =). We could have a link exchange contract between us!

  5. F*ckin¦ remarkable issues here. I¦m very happy to look your article. Thank you a lot and i am having a look ahead to contact you. Will you please drop me a mail?

  6. Thanx for the effort, keep up the good work Great work, I am going to start a small Blog Engine course work using your site I hope you enjoy blogging with the popular BlogEngine.net.Thethoughts you express are really awesome. Hope you will right some more posts.

  7. Hello, you used to write wonderful, but the last few posts have been kinda boring… I miss your super writings. Past several posts are just a bit out of track! come on!

  8. Very interesting details you have noted, regards for posting. “The earth has music for those who listen.” by William Shakespeare.

  9. Great V I should definitely pronounce, impressed with your site. I had no trouble navigating through all the tabs and related information ended up being truly simple to do to access. I recently found what I hoped for before you know it at all. Quite unusual. Is likely to appreciate it for those who add forums or something, website theme . a tones way for your customer to communicate. Excellent task..

  10. I’m not sure where you are getting your info, but good topic. I needs to spend some time learning more or understanding more. Thanks for fantastic information I was looking for this information for my mission.

  11. Thanks , I have just been looking for information approximately this topic for a long time and yours is the best I’ve found out till now. But, what about the bottom line? Are you certain concerning the source?

  12. Great blog you have here but I was wanting to know if you knew of any discussion boards that cover the same topics talked about here? I’d really like to be a part of group where I can get advice from other experienced people that share the same interest. If you have any recommendations, please let me know. Thank you!

  13. Wow, marvelous blog layout! How long have you been blogging for? you make blogging look easy. The overall look of your website is magnificent, as well as the content!

  14. Hello there, just became aware of your blog through Google, and found that it is truly informative. I’m gonna watch out for brussels. I’ll be grateful if you continue this in future. Numerous people will be benefited from your writing. Cheers!

  15. You could definitely see your expertise in the work you write. The arena hopes for even more passionate writers such as you who aren’t afraid to say how they believe. All the time go after your heart.

  16. Wow that was unusual. I just wrote an extremely long comment but after I clicked submit my comment didn’t show up. Grrrr… well I’m not writing all that over again. Regardless, just wanted to say great blog!

  17. Do you have a spam problem on this website; I also am a blogger, and I was wanting to know your situation; many of us have developed some nice procedures and we are looking to swap solutions with others, be sure to shoot me an e-mail if interested.

  18. Hmm is anyone else experiencing problems with the images on this blog loading? I’m trying to determine if its a problem on my end or if it’s the blog. Any suggestions would be greatly appreciated.

  19. My partner and I stumbled over here coming from a different website and thought I should check things out. I like what I see so now i am following you. Look forward to looking over your web page yet again.

  20. Amazing blog! Is your theme custom made or did you download it from somewhere? A theme like yours with a few simple tweeks would really make my blog jump out. Please let me know where you got your design. Appreciate it

  21. There are some fascinating deadlines on this article but I don’t know if I see all of them heart to heart. There is some validity however I’ll take hold opinion till I look into it further. Good article , thanks and we want more! Added to FeedBurner as nicely

  22. Nice post. I learn one thing tougher on totally different blogs everyday. It can at all times be stimulating to read content from other writers and observe a little bit one thing from their store. I’d desire to make use of some with the content material on my weblog whether or not you don’t mind. Natually I’ll give you a hyperlink in your net blog. Thanks for sharing.

  23. Magnificent beat ! I wish to apprentice whilst you amend your site, how can i subscribe for a blog web site? The account helped me a acceptable deal. I were tiny bit acquainted of this your broadcast offered vivid transparent concept

  24. We are a group of volunteers and opening a brand new scheme in our community. Your website provided us with useful info to work on. You have done a formidable job and our entire community will be thankful to you.

  25. you are truly a just right webmaster. The site loading speed is incredible. It sort of feels that you are doing any distinctive trick. In addition, The contents are masterpiece. you have performed a magnificent process on this matter!

  26. I’ve read several good stuff here. Definitely worth bookmarking for revisiting. I surprise how much effort you put to make such a fantastic informative web site.

  27. whoah this blog is excellent i love reading your articles. Keep up the great work! You know, lots of people are searching around for this information, you can help them greatly.

  28. Wonderful blog! I found it while searching on Yahoo News. Do you have any suggestions on how to get listed in Yahoo News? I’ve been trying for a while but I never seem to get there! Appreciate it

  29. It’s appropriate time to make some plans for the future and it’s time to be happy. I have learn this post and if I may I want to counsel you few fascinating issues or suggestions. Maybe you could write subsequent articles referring to this article. I want to learn even more things about it!

  30. F*ckin’ remarkable things here. I’m very glad to see your article. Thanks a lot and i’m looking forward to contact you. Will you please drop me a e-mail?

Tinggalkan Balasan

Alamat surel Anda tidak akan dipublikasikan.

All Right Reserved © www.ceramahmotivasi.com
Soft Launching Citra Sentul Raya
Hello. Add your message here.