Prophet Jesus : The Great messenger
Jesus in Islam is a messenger of God who had been sent to guide ‘Bani Israel’, the Children of Israel, with a new scripture, the ‘Injil’ or the Gospel.
The Qur’an states that Mary gave birth to Jesus without a man having touched her, a miraculous event which occurred by the decree of God.
To aid him in his quest, Jesus was given the ability to perform miracles, with the permission of Allah.
“And mention, [O Muhammad], in the Book [the story of] Mary, when she withdrew from her family to a place towards the east… Then We sent to her Our Angel [i.e. Gabriel], and he represented himself to her as a well-proportioned man… He said, ‘I am only the messenger of your Lord to give you [news of] a pure boy [i.e. son].’ She said, ‘How can I have a boy while no man has touched me and I have not been unchaste?’ He said, ‘Thus [it will be]; your Lord says, “It is easy for Me and We will make him a sign to the people and a mercy from Us. And it is a matter [already] decreed.” ’ ” (Qur’an 19: 16-21)
To aid him in his quest, Jesus was given the ability to perform miracles, with the permission of Allah. According to Islamic texts, Jesus was neither killed nor crucified, but rather he was raised alive up to heaven. Islamic traditions narrate that he will return to earth near the Day of Judgement to restore justice and defeat the Antichrist.
Like all prophets in Islam, Jesus is considered to have been a Muslim, as he preached for people to adopt the straight path in submission to God’s will. Islam rejects that Jesus was God or the son of God, stating that he was an ordinary human being who, like other prophets, had been divinely chosen to spread God’s message. Islamic texts forbid the association of partners with God, emphasising the notion of God’s Divine Oneness. Numerous titles are given to Jesus in the Qur’an, such as ‘al-Maseeh, but they do not correspond with the meaning accrued in Christian belief; rather Jesus is the son of Mary and Almighty God’s servant. Jesus is seen in Islam as a precursor to Muhammad, and is believed by Muslims to have foretold his coming.
Author : Abdullah Bin Zaid Al-Mahmoud Islamic Cultural Center, Qatar