Mutiara Hadits : Perintah Memerangi Manusia yang Musyrik

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Mutiara Hadits : Perintah Memerangi Manusia yang Musyrik  

Hadits Arba’in ke- 8

الحـديث الثـامن

عَنْ ابْنِ عُمَرَ رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهُمَا أَنَّ رَسُوْلَ اللهِ صَلَّى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ : أُمِرْتُ أَنْ أُقَاتِلَ النَّاسَ حَتَّى يَشْهَدُوا أَنْ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللهُ وَأَنَّ مُحَمَّداً رَسُوْلُ اللهِ، وَيُقِيْمُوا الصَّلاَةَ وَيُؤْتُوا الزَّكاَةَ، فَإِذَا فَعَلُوا ذَلِكَ عَصَمُوا مِنِّي دِمَاءُهُمْ وَأَمْوَالُـهُمْ إِلاَّ بِحَقِّ الإِسْلاَمِ وَحِسَابُهُمْ عَلَى اللهِ تَعَالىَ
[رواه البخاري ومسلم

Kosa kata / مفردات :

أُمِرْتُ : aku diperintahkan أُقَاتِل : (aku) Memerangi
دماء : bentuk jamak dari دم : darah عصموا : mereka terlindung

Terjemah hadits / ترجمة الحديث :
Dari Ibnu Umar radhiallahuanhuma sesungguhnya Rasulullah SAW bersabda : Aku diperintahkan untuk memerangi manusia hingga mereka bersaksi bahwa tidak ada ilah selain Allah dan bahwa Muhammad adalah Rasulullah, menegakkan shalat, menunaikan zakat. Jika mereka melakukan hal itu maka darah dan harta mereka akan dilindungi kecuali dengan hak Islam dan perhitungan mereka ada pada Allah Ta’ala (Riwayat Bukhori dan Muslim)

Catatan :
Hadits ini secara praktis dialami zaman kekhalifahan Abu Bakar As-Shiddiq, sejumlah rakyatnya ada yang kembali kafir. Maka Abu Bakar bertekad memerangi mereka termasuk diantaranya mereka yang menolak membayar zakat . Maka Umar bin Khottob menegurnya seraya berkata : “ Bagaimana kamu akan memerangi mereka yang mengucapkan Laa Ilaaha Illallah sedangkan Rasulullah telah bersabda : Aku diperintahkan…..(seperti hadits diatas)” . Maka berkatalah Abu Bakar : “Sesungguhnya zakat adalah haknya harta”, ) hingga akhirnya Umar menerima dan ikut bersamanya memerangi mereka.

Pelajaran yang terdapat dalam hadits / الفوائد من الحديث :
1. Maklumat peperangan kepada mereka yang musyrik hingga mereka selamat.
2. Diperbolehkannya membunuh orang yang mengingkari shalat dan memerangi mereka yang menolak membayar zakat.
3. Tidak diperbolehkan berlaku sewenang-wenang terhadap harta dan darah kaum muslimin.
4. Diperbolehkannya hukuman mati bagi setiap muslim jika dia melakukan perbuatan yang menuntut dijatuhkannya hukuman seperti itu seperti : Berzina bagi orang yang sudah menikah (muhshan), membunuh orang lain dengan sengaja dan meninggalkan agamanya dan jamaahnya .
5. Dalam hadits ini terdapat jawaban bagi kalangan murji’ah yang mengira bahwa iman tidak membutuhkan amal perbuatan.
6. Tidak mengkafirkan pelaku bid’ah yang menyatakan keesaan Allah dan menjalankan syari’atnya.
7. Didalamnya terdapat dalil bahwa diterimanya amal yang zhahir dan menghukumi berdasarkan sesuatu yang zhahir sementara yang tersembunyi dilimpahkan kepada Allah.

Tema-tema hadits / موضوعات الحديث :
1. Aqidah dan syariat harus ditegakkan : 42 : 13,
2. Perlindungan terhadap nyawa dan harta : 2 : 188, 4 : 93
3. Besarnya kedudukan zakat : 9 : 34 (pustakapejaten)⁠⁠⁠⁠

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