God sent His Messenger to guide mankind and if man believes in, and obeys, him giving him all his due rights, God has promised that person success in this life and the Hereafter as a reward. These rights are summarized in the following testimony along with the above testimony [There is nothing worthy of being worshipped except God and Muhammad (pbuh) is the slave and Messenger of God]. This declaration requires the following:
* A Believer must comply with the commands of the Prophet (pbuh) and must strive to avoid acts of disobedience as God, the Exalted, says in the Qur’an:
(So take whatsoever the Messenger gives you, and abstain from that which he forbids you. And fear God, verily God is severe in Punishment.) [59:7]
Belief that Prophet Muhammad is the final Prophet and Messenger of Allah to mankind, and that no Prophet or Messenger will come after him.
* A Muslim must follow the authentic traditions of the Sunnah (way of the Prophet) to the best of their ability. No one has any authority to alter, add or omit any of the Sunnah traditions of the Messenger of God (pbuh). God, the Exalted, says in the Qur’an:
(Say: ‘If you really love God, follow me: God will love you and forgive you your sins. And God is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.) [3:31]
Belief in the universality of the Message of Prophet Muhammad to all humanity. Islam is not designated for a specific category of people, as it was the case with previous Prophets and Messengers.
* A Believer must honor the special status and dignity bestowed by God to His Prophet (pbuh). No one must go to extremes either by exaggerating or degrading this status. The Prophet (pbuh) said:
“Do not exaggerate in praising me as the Christians exaggerated in their praise of [Jesus] the son of Mary; (as) I am no more than a servant (of God). So say: God’s servant and His Messenger.” (Reported by Bukhari, Hadith No. 2330)
And he (pbuh) said:
“O people! Say what you have to say, and do not allow yourselves to be seduced by Satan. I am Muhammad, the servnt and Messenger of God. I do not like you to elevate me above the status assigned to me by God the Almighty.” (Reported by An-Nisa’e and verified as good)
And he (pbuh) is reported to have said:
“Do not praise me more than I deserve. God created me as a slave before calling me a Prophet and Messenger.” (Tabaranee)
*A Muslim must show acceptance and satisfaction of any verdict passed by the Prophet of God (pbuh) as God, the Exalted, says in the Qur’an:
(But no, by Your Lord, they can have no (real) Faith, until they make you judge in all disputes between them, and find in their souls no resistance against your decisions and accept them with full submission.) [4:65]
* Belief in the universality of the Message of Prophet Muhammad to all humanity. Islam is not designated for a specific category of people, as it was the case with previous Prophets and Messengers (pbuh). This is derived from the Qur’an:
(Say: [O Muhammad], “O mankind, indeed I am the Messenger of Allah to you all, [from Him] to whom belongs the dominion of the heavens and the earth. There is no deity except Him; He gives life and causes death.” So believe in Allah and His Messenger, the unlettered prophet, who believes in Allah and His words, and follow him that you may be guided.) [7:158]
* Belief that God’s Messenger and Prophet, Muhammad (pbuh) has been protected by God against possible human errors in relation to his mission to mankind. This includes the belief that the Prophet (pbuh) never omitted or added anything to the complete Message of God. This is based on the following statement from the Qur’an:
(Nor does he speak of his own desire) [53:3]
* Belief that the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) is the final Prophet and Messenger of God to mankind, and that no Prophet or Messenger will come after him (pbuh). God says in the Qur’an:
(Muhammad is not the father of any of your men, but (he is) the Messenger of God, and the Last of the Prophets.) [33:40]
And the Messenger of God (pbuh) said:
“… and there is no prophet after me.” (Reported by Bukhari no. 4416, and Muslim no. 2404, and others)
* Belief that the religious duties and divine commands God sent to mankind are complete, and that the Prophet (pbuh) has delivered the Message of God in its entirety, and gave the best advice to his community and the best guidance to do all good and to avoid all evil. This is based on the verse of the Glorious Qur’an:
(This day those who disbelieve have despaired of [defeating] your religion; so fear them not, but fear Me. This day I have perfected for you your religion and completed My favor upon you and have approved for you Islam as religion.) [5:3]
A Muslim must offer the proper greeting to God’s Prophet and Messenger when his name is mentioned as a form of respect, as instructed in the Qur’an.
* Belief that the laws legislated in Islam are approved by God, and that all the various types of worship are based upon and revolve around these divine laws. Independent human actions will not be accepted, unless and until they are in conformity with these divine laws. This is based on the statement of the Qur’an:
(And whoever seeks a religion other than Islam, never will it be accepted of him, and in the Hereafter he will be among the losers.) [3:85]
* A Muslim must offer the proper greeting to God’s Prophet and Messenger (pbuh) when his name is mentioned as a form of respect, as instructed in the Qur’an:
(Indeed, Allah confers praise upon the Prophet, and His angels [ask Him to do so]. O you who have believed, ask [Allah to confer] praise upon him and ask [Allah to grant him] peace.) [33:56]
Muslims are required to deliver the Message of Islam to others, but never to force or compel others to accept it.
* A Believer must have true love and affection for the Prophet and Messenger of God (pbuh) above the love of all others. As all the information and practices of the true religion of God, the only true means of salvation, were delivered to us through the relentless efforts of the Prophet, we should love him dearly. And we can neither forget the many blessings that the Prophet (pbuh) brought as guidance. This is based on the instruction of the Qur’an:
(Say: [O Muhammad], “If your fathers, your sons, your brothers, your wives, your relatives, wealth which you have obtained, commerce wherein you fear decline, and dwellings with which you are pleased are more beloved to you than Allah and His Messenger and jihad in His cause, then wait until Allah executes His command. And Allah does not guide the defiantly disobedient people.”) [9:24]
* A Muslim must devote every possible effort and opportunity available to him to call, with wisdom and patience, all others to the Message of Muhammad (pbuh). He should strive to inform those who are unaware and misinformed and strengthen the faith of people with weak, wavering faith. As God, the Most Wise, says in the Qur’an:
(Invite (all) to the Way of your Lord with wisdom and beautiful preaching; and dialogue with them in a way that is better and most gracious. Truly, your Lord knows best who has gone astray from His Path, and He is the Most Aware of those who are guided.) [16:125]
This is also based on the statement of God’s Prophet and Messenger (pbuh),
“Share with others, on my behalf, even oneverse.” (Bukhari, Hadith No. 3461 and Tirmidthi, Hadith No. 2669)
Reference : Dr. Abdul-Rahman Al-Sheha, Human Rights in Islam, Usool International Centre, Riyadh, ISBN: 978-603-90936-9-5
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